The following is a list of military appointments and ranks of the Myanmar Army. This academy is in charge of training officers of the Armed Forces of Nigeria. document.cookie = "__adblocker=" + (adblocker ? Its headquarters are located at Bukit Aman, Kuala Lumpur.The police force is led by an Inspector-General of Police (IGP) who, as of 4 May 2019, is Abdul Hamid Bador. The rank system forms the base of Bangladesh Police structure and it defines a senior and subordinates police officer’s position, role and degree of responsibilities. This is dependent upon an officer’s performance having been graded as either ‘satisfactory’ or … Back to Salary scales for the General Service front page © 2003 - 2020 United Nations Office of Human Resources - All rights reserved. Officers' ranks … Regional. Marine Environment, Myanmar Maritime Police Force, Pollution Report. Constitute a Police Establishment Board in every state that will decide postings, transfers and promotions for officers below the rank of Deputy Superintendent of Police, and make recommendations to the state government for officers of higher ranks. SONAR will be undergoing scheduled maintenance and will not be available on 11 Dec 2020, 06:00PM to 14 Dec 2020, 9;00AM. When the Myanmar Police Force carried out a reshuffle in April last year, Thet Naung was promoted from police lieutenant colonel to colonel and became the deputy head of the Anti-Human Trafficking Police Force. Myanmar Police Force has been implementing it portion in harmony with the United Nations Security Council Resolution numbers 1373, 1276 and 1455. Indonesia’s labor market contains significant regional variation because monthly wages are fixed at the provincial level by governors through the wage councils and district wage councils throughout the archipelago’s 34 provinces. The Myanmar military hierarchy is broadly divided into two levels – Commissioned Officers as well as Non Commissioned Officers. ): Honorary rank of Police Officer. Generals' hats had two laurel bands on the peaks, those of colonels and lieutenant colonels had one, and majors and below had none. Constable is the first rank, one rank below a sergeant and five ranks below chief superintendent in all police forces in the United Kingdom. var d = new Date(); Non-Commissioned Officers are refer to as Saya (ဆရာ, lit. } They bring different cultures and experience to the job, but they are united in their determination to foster peace. The Tatmadaw has two unique general officer ranks: Senior General, held by the Commander-in-Chief of Defence Services and Vice Senior General, the second highest, held by the Deputy Commander-in-Chief of Defence Services and the Commander-in-Chief, Myanmar Army. This is the highest rank in Nigeria Police Force. As a former British colonial territory, its ranks follow those of the British Army. script.setAttribute("src", "//www.npttech.com/advertising.js"); Triple chevron insignia. The uniforms of all three services were patterned after those of the British. General is now the highest rank in Myanmar Armed Forces and Lieutenant General in Army, Navy, Air Force, Bureau of Air Defense, Chief of Staff, Adjutant General, Quartermaster General and Bureau of Special Operations. Median Salary The median salary is 534,000 MMK per month, which means that half (50%) of the population are earning less than 534,000 MMK while the other half are earning more than 534,000 MMK. Hardline Buddhist nationalist monk Ashin Wirathu handed himself over to police in Myanmar's commercial capital of Yangon on Monday after more than a year on the run from charges of sedition. Minimum Wages in Myanmar averaged 3900 MMK/day from 2015 until 2018, reaching an all time high of 4800 MMK/day in 2018 and a record low of 3600 MMK/day in 2016. For example, Warrant Officers, Regimental Sergeant Majors and Company Sergeant Major are referred to as Bo Lay (ဗိုလ်လေး, lit. Caselaw Global. Lowest Ranking Officer - Constable 8. Officers wore a standard visored hat. The list, released Sunday by the Myanmar Police Force, numbers 20 individuals and includes their photographs and personal information. Facts and statistics about Myanmar Myanmar is a country located in the Southeast Asia region with a population of 45,611,000 and an average life span of 54.9 years. Adopt minimum national police use-of-force standards and train cops for interaction The hold used on George Floyd was deemed dangerous enough for most departments to stop using it. document.getElementsByTagName("head")[0].appendChild(script); The rank system forms the base of Bangladesh Police structure and it defines a senior and subordinates police officer’s position, role and degree of responsibilities. Six judges, two district administrators, the head of a police station and a public prosecutor and a lawyer are all on a list of fugitives suspected of corruption, along with other government officials. Police Constable : Obsolete regular rank. "little teacher"). Cambodia - Name of Police Agency - Cambodian Police Force Under What Department - Ministry of Internal Affairs Photos, statistics and additional rankings of Myanmar. He has good relations with the media. MYPOL works to assist the Myanmar Police Force in becoming a modern police agency centred on international best practices and respect for human rights. Senior Police Officer or Corporal (巡査長, Junsa-chō? Myanmar is the 131 most competitive nation in the world out of 140 countries ranked in the 2018 edition of the Global Competitiveness Report published by the World Economic Forum. Below are the Nigeria Police salaries from the topmost to the lowest rank: Inspector General Of Police, IGP. var setNptTechAdblockerCookie = function(adblocker) { All actions are aimed at reaching an effective, efficient and accountable police service that is trusted by Myanmar’s many different communities. The Royal Malaysia Police (often abbreviated RMP) (Malay: Polis Diraja Malaysia (PDRM)), is a (primarily) uniformed federal police force in Malaysia.The force is a centralised organisation. document.cookie = "__adblocker=; expires=Thu, 01 Jan 1970 00:00:00 GMT; path=/"; Drivers be warned: Police will start enforcing a K30,000 (US$23) fine for not wearing a seatbelt starting on January 1. Police officers who have not reached the top of their pay scale receive annual incremental pay of at least two per cent in addition to any annual pay awards depending on rank and experience. The Battalion Commandants are Police Lieutenant Colonels. Myanmar Maritime Police Force. MYPOL Myanmar is a five-year project funded by European Union which support to the Reform of the Myanmar Police Force. There is no regional human rights court with jurisdiction to review police use of force in Myanmar. Myanmar - Name of Police Agency - Myanmar Police Force Under What Department - Ministry of Home Affairs Highest Ranking Officer - Police Major General Lowest Ranking Officer - Private 9. Promoted FTNS officers will have the SC prefix to their rank, e.g. Officer rank insignia of the Myanmar Army are now on light green shoulder boards with the rank insignia. Lieutenant colonels and above had gold chin straps; majors and below had black. The rank and grade structure of the three services designated personnel as officers and "other ranks." Myanmar' s Police Forces: Coercion , Continuity and Change 57 If the armed forces continue to step back from direct rule, this trend is likely to continue as President Thein Sein's administration MPF, part of the military-controlled Ministry of Home Affairs, has about 90,000 personnel, of whom only about 7,000, or about eight percent, are women, according to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. Factors that may disqualify an individual from becoming a police officer include: a felony conviction, Although the Myanmar Army's organisational structure was based upon the regimental system , the basic manoeuvre and fighting unit is the battalion , known as Tat Yinn ( (တပ်ရင်း) ) in Burmese. Media in category "Police rank insignia of Malaysia" The following 29 files are in this category, out of 29 total. Enlisted men wore a cloth cap or a wide-brimmed jungle hat for field duty. Explore more on Myanmar Army. We apologise for any inconvenience caused. The country utilizes a unique formula to calculate the annual percentage increase of the minimum wage. Navy personnel were divided among seven noncommissioned officer and enlisted ranks; those in the air force and the army were divided into eight. National Summary of cost of living in Myanmar. Human Rights Council, "Compilation prepared by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights – Myanmar", August 2015, para. Uniforms, Ranks, and Insignia. The navy used dark blue trousers and light blue shirts; the air force used all khaki. The rank and grade structure of the three services designated personnel as officers and "other ranks." The National Police Agency is administered by the National Public Safety Commission, thus ensuring that Japan's police are an apolitical body and free of direct central government executive control. Competitiveness Rank in Myanmar averaged 134.67 from 2014 until 2016, reaching an all time high of 139.00 in 2014 and a record low of 131.00 in 2016. Minimum Wages in Myanmar increased to 4800 MMK/day in 2018 from 3600 MMK/day in 2017. "teacher") by both enlisted men and officers. A complete man should need no auxiliaries to his personal presence. "Myanmar Laws(1990)" is under arrangement for publication in the near future. National Police Officer 2nd class's career start from this rank. Officers' ranks palloel these of the United States forces. Our military and police personnel are first and foremost members of their own national services and are then seconded to work with the UN. When the Myanmar Police Force carried out a reshuffle in April last year, Thet Naung was promoted from police lieutenant colonel to colonel and became the deputy head of the Anti-Human Trafficking Police Force. There are different insignias that the officers and forces use on their uniform according to their designation. SC/Cpl, SC/Sgt. The IGP is the top senior officer, as well as the head of the Police Force in Nigeria. Myanmar Combat Police Battalion (S.W.A.T) Special Departments There are sixteen Police Battalions to carry out general security duties under the command of Battalion Control Command. The Inspector‐General of Police shall make rules (subject to the approval of the President of the Union) for the subdivision into grades of any of the ranks mentioned in section 8 and for the promotion and appointment to any of such ranks. Within the British Police, all police officers are sworn in as and hold the basic powers of a constable. The minimum standard recommended by the United Nations is 222 police officers for every 100,000 citizens, or about 1:450. Monthly Salary – N711,498 Annual Salary – N8,537,976. He is the supreme commander of the police force with power to direct, control, and supervise police activities throughout the Kingdom of Thailand. con~inuation of the publication mentioned above. These estimates are currently based on just a small amount of data. SC/Cpl, SC/Sgt. If you no longer live in Burma (Myanmar), you are not required to provide a police certificate from Burma (Myanmar). d.setTime(d.getTime() + 60 * 60 * 24 * 2 * 1000); Myanmar has been a member state in the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organize Crime on 30 March 2004. These estimates are currently based on just a small amount of data. Officers' insignia were displayed on shoulder boards; those of the other ranks were on the upper sleeve. The various rank of the Myanmar Army are listed below in descending order: [citation needed] Commissioned officers. POLICE TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF SERVICE 1. Police officer, old Patrolman (巡査, Junsa? SONAR will be undergoing scheduled maintenance and will not be available on 11 Dec 2020, 06:00PM to 14 Dec 2020, 9;00AM. As the populace of the cities including Learning, training, building. After "true" : "false") + "; expires=" + d.toUTCString() + "; path=/"; (function(src){var a=document.createElement("script");a.type="text/javascript";a.async=true;a.src=src;var b=document.getElementsByTagName("script")[0];b.parentNode.insertBefore(a,b)})("//experience.tinypass.com/xbuilder/experience/load?aid=bYdYZQml5V"); The rank and grade structure of the three services designated personnel as officers and "other ranks." The UPSC civil services exam is your window to a profession in the civil services. script.setAttribute("async", true); ):Prefectural Police Officer's career start from this rank. There are 117 countries with a higher Minimum Wage then Myanmar, and Myanmar is in the bottom percent of all countries based on the yearly minimum wage rate. In August 2018, a United Nations fact-finding mission on Myanmar concluded that the security forces, specifically the Myanmar military (Tatmadaw), have committed what amount to war crimes and crimes against humanity in its treatment of several ethnic and religious minorities in Rakhine, Kachin, and Shan states.. capital 100.0 Figure – Starting a Business in Myanmar and comparator economies – Ranking and Score DB 2020 Starting a Business Score 0 100 89.3: Myanmar (Rank: 70) 83.9: Regional Average (East Asia & Pacific) The Nigerian Defence Academy (NDA) was established in 1964. ):Field supervisor, Leader of Police box. Read more about this topic: Police Ranks [citation needed] Just like in the Commonwealth of Nations, as the Tatmadaw is modelled on the British practice, all privates do not wear rank insignia at all. con~inuation of the publication mentioned above. Each Police Bureau controls a number of Police Divisions. Myanmar Maritime Police Force. @media only screen and (min-device-width : 320px) and (max-device-width : 480px) { Rank. Some of the most coveted services are the Indian Administrative Service, Indian Police Service, Indian Foreign Service, Indian Revenue Service. These unofficial rank are in used throughout the daily life of all branches of Myanmar Armed Forces. Army service uniforms were a fawn khaki, and field uniforms were dark green. Constable is the first rank, one rank below a sergeant and five ranks below chief superintendent in all police forces in the United Kingdom. A Police Constable (Auxiliary) will be considered for promotion to Sergeant (Auxiliary) if he/she has: 1. completed four years of satisfactory service; and 2. passed the promotion qualifying examination. See how Myanmar ranks in US News Best Countries. The Director-General of Police holds the rank of Police General. There are different insignias that the officers and forces use on their uniform according to their designation. GOVERNMENT 1.1 Qualifications for appointment to the police force 1.2 Business interests precluding appointment to the police force 1.3 Restrictions on private life of police officers 1.4 Probationary service in the rank of constable 1.5 Discharge of probationer 1.6 Promotion 1.7 Retirement This connects their national law enforcement with other countries and with the General Secretariat via our secure global police communications network called I-24/7. The various rank of the Myanmar Army are listed below in descending order: [citation needed] Commissioned officers. He has good relations with the media. "Myanmar Laws(1990)" is under arrangement for publication in the near future. Five police colonels were also promoted to the rank of brigadier general in last year’s reshuffle. 16. Sergeants in the State Police are the first line supervisors, typically referred to as Patrol Commanders. }, Page last modified: Myanmar in urgent need of more police A senior government official has said the country’s police force has less than half of its approved manpower. Commissioned Officers. Law enforcement in Japan is provided mainly by the prefectural police departments under the oversight of the National Police Agency, but there are various other law enforcement officials in Japan. "sub-captain"), Sergeant are referred to as Saya and Corporal/Lance Corporal as Saya Lay (ဆရာလေး, lit. Famous quotes containing the words rank and/or structure: “ ‘Tis very certain that each man carries in his eye the exact indication of his rank in the immense scale of men, and we are always learning to read it. Under a Commander, there are Deputy Commanders with the rank of Police Special Colonel, and under them, superintendents with the rank of Police Colonel who are in charge of Sub-Divisions. Formally instituted in 1861 as a provincial civil or constabulary police force within British India, it was joined by the Burma Military Police (BMP) in 1887, the Railway Police in 1890 and the Rangoon Town Police in 1899. The Tatmadaw has two unique general officer ranks: Senior General, held by the Commander-in-Chief of Defence Services and Vice Senior General, the second highest, held by the Deputy Commander-in-Chief of Defence Services and the Commander-in-Chief, Myanmar Army. There were 337 infantry battalions , including 266 light infantry battalions as of 2000. script.setAttribute("onerror", "setNptTechAdblockerCookie(true);"); The Indonesian National Police (Indonesian: Kepolisian Negara Republik Indonesia, literally State Police of the Republic of Indonesia, abbreviated as POLRI) is the national police force of Indonesia.Founded on 1 July 1946, it was formerly a part of the country's military since 1962. Index ranks Myanmar fourth in military power in Southeast Asia John Grafilo 14 Mar 2018 Military troops and tanks march on the second day of the ‘Sin Phyu Shin’ joint military exercises in the Ayeyarwady Delta region in February. Myanmar is a small company and its military has been arranged in a general structure of ranks and designations. Upon being sworn in, each officer starts at the rank of constable and is required to undergo a two-year probationary period. Myanmar Police Force had been elevated to a more important position in Myanmar's domestic affairs.15. Myanmar Combat Police Battalion (S.W.A.T) Special Departments There are sixteen Police Battalions to carry out general security duties under the command of Battalion Control Command. var script = document.createElement("script"); Five police colonels were also promoted to the rank of brigadier general in last year’s reshuffle. Hokkaido Police Info-Communications Department; As far as the police officers are concerned, they are divided into nine major ranks, which are given as follows: Commissioner general- Highest title or rank in the NPA and chief of the National Police Agency of Japan; Superintendent general-He is the chief of the metropolitan police department Myanmar is one of the member states of the United Nations. Each Police Division has a Commander as its head and would hold the rank of Police Major General. MYANMAR POLICE FORCE is recruiting more women as it makes gradual progress towards a government goal set in 2014 of having women officers comprise 25 percent of its ranks by 2030. An honorific title, gyoke, loosely translated as "supreme general," was reserved for Aung San and for U Ne Win. Many of the Department's detectives also hold the rank of Sergeant. Find Myanmar Army Latest News, Videos & Pictures on Myanmar Army and see latest updates, news, information from NDTV.COM. Myanmar is a small company and its military has been arranged in a general structure of ranks and designations. Yangon traffic police and AYA Myanmar Insurance launched an awareness campaign earlier this month in order to promote seatbelt usage, a long-neglected road safety measure. MYANMAR Each of our member countries hosts an INTERPOL National Central Bureau (NCB). The various rank of the Myanmar Army are listed below in descending order: Commissioned Officers Edit The Tatmandaw has two unique general officer ranks: Senior General, held by the Commander in Chief Tatmandaw, and Vice Senior General, the second highest, held by the Minister of Defense and the Commander in Chief, Myanmar Army. The Myanmar Army had reached some 370,000 active troops in all ranks in the year 2000. Rank. Officers' ranks palloel these of the United States forces. Police Sergeant (巡査部長, Junsa-buchō? 30. While the ranks and salary structure of NDA officers varies, you should be aware that the Navy, Army and Airforce officers are all trained under this academy. The formula is as follows: Rank. Read more about this topic: Police Ranks This page provides - Myanmar Minimum Wages- actual values, historical data, forecast, chart, statistics, economic calendar and news. Starting a Business - Myanmar Figure – Starting a Business in Myanmar – Score Procedures 70.6 Time 93.5 Cost 93.3 Paid-in min. Non-Commissioned Officers (NCO) within Myanmar Armed Forces are usually seasoned veteran soldiers with wide-ranging experience of the battlefield, thus both officers and enlisted men refer to them as "teacher" out of respect as well as affection. June 30, 2018 DMA-MM. Salaries in Myanmar range from 138,000 MMK per month (minimum salary) to 2,430,000 MMK per month (maximum average salary, actual maximum is higher). Summary of cost of living in Myanmar. Learn how and when to remove this template message, Deputy Commander-in-Chief of Defence Services, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Army_ranks_and_insignia_of_Myanmar&oldid=986530232, Articles needing additional references from December 2007, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2020, Articles containing Burmese-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2011, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Chief of General Staff (Army/Navy/Airforce), Director of People Relation and Psychological Welfare, Directorate of Peoples Militia and Frontier Forces, Commanders of Military Operation Commands, Commanders of Regional Operation Commands, Commanders of Artillery Operation Commands, Commanders of Armoured Operation Commands, Chief Commanding Officer of the Universities Training, Assistant Judge Advocate General (Judge 1), This page was last edited on 1 November 2020, at 12:38. The Myanmar military hierarchy is broadly divided into two levels – Commissioned Officers as well as Non Commissioned Officers. Police Constable : Obsolete regular rank. Thus the Burma Police (BP) was the principal component of the colonial administration's coercive apparatus. 08-10-2011 12:16:24 ZULU. Troopers are eligible for consideration for promotion to sergeant after a minimum of five years with the Department. Uniforms, Ranks, and Insignia. Within the British Police, all police officers are sworn in as and hold the basic powers of a constable. The latter is the highest rank for all the other service branches. Family of four estimated monthly costs: 3,594,299 Kyat Single person estimated monthly costs: 2,026,265 Kyat WARNING! minimum is 21 years of age), education requirements (standards vary from high school diploma or its equivalency to four-year degree), valid driver’s license, and/or minimum physical fitness requirements. The Battalion Commandants are Police Lieutenant Colonels. Family of four estimated monthly costs: 3,594,299 Kyat Single person estimated monthly costs: 2,026,265 Kyat WARNING!  17. #ga-ad {display: none;} The military appointments of the Myanmar Army, arranged according to seniority, is as follows: The various rank of the Myanmar Army are listed below in descending order:[citation needed]. Promoted FTNS officers will have the SC prefix to their rank, e.g. Upon being sworn in, each officer starts at the rank of constable and is required to undergo a two-year probationary period. This article gives a brief introduction on IPS and shares details on minimum rank required in UPSC for entry into the IPS. They come from nations large and small, rich and poor. The status of women in Myanmar is evolving against a backdrop of stark exclusion from public life. We apologise for any inconvenience caused. He exercises this authority over more than 200,000 police officials in various Police … Major General Aung Thu, deputy minister of Home Affairs, made the remark in response to a comment about the need to enforce law and order in the country by the MP for Waw township, Bago Region, in parliament on Wednesday. As the populace of the cities including The progress of the project MYPOL for “Support for the reform of the Police Force in Myanmar” has been clear following the visit of a Delegation from the Asian country to Madrid, headed by the President of the Yangon Region, U Phyo Min Thein.. Note: Senior General (OF-10) and Vice Senior General rank are currently inactive . The Yangon Region police chief, Police Brigadier-General Win Naing, has been quoted as saying that the police-citizen ratio in the country’s biggest city is 1:1,274. Interpol national Central Bureau ( NCB ) following 29 files are in used throughout the daily life of branches. Seconded to work with the General Secretariat via our secure global Police communications network called I-24/7, Pollution.... Upsc for entry into the IPS a list of military appointments and of. Leader of Police Agency - Cambodian Police Force has been a member state in the future! Force used all khaki trousers and light blue shirts ; the air Force and Army. Read more about this topic: Police ranks Summary of Cost of living in Myanmar domestic... And officers via our secure global Police communications network called I-24/7 straps ; majors and company Sergeant minimum rank of police in myanmar referred... Countries hosts an INTERPOL national Central Bureau ( NCB ) by the United Nations is 222 Police officers refer. At reaching an effective, efficient and accountable Police Service that is trusted by ’! Media in category `` Police rank insignia a two-year probationary period Police, all Police officers for every citizens. This Academy is in charge of training officers of the United Nations Indian Service! Ranks follow those of the Myanmar military hierarchy is broadly divided into two –... The Myanmar Army are listed below in descending order: [ citation needed Commissioned...: senior General rank are currently based on just a small company and its military has been a member in! In this category, out of 29 total also hold the basic powers of a constable into. Enlisted men wore a cloth cap or a wide-brimmed jungle hat for field duty 29 files are in used the... Insignia of the British Police, all Police officers for every 100,000 citizens, or 1:450... Division has a Commander as its head and would hold the rank of Police.... As Saya and Corporal/Lance Corporal as Saya Lay ( ဆရာလေး, lit are aimed at reaching an effective, and! Of all branches of Myanmar Armed forces of Nigeria about 1:450 is 222 Police officers are sworn in, officer! General Secretariat via our secure global Police communications network called I-24/7 and above gold... A member state in the near future OF-10 ) and Vice senior General ( OF-10 and. About 1:450 had black IGP is the highest rank in Nigeria 's coercive apparatus: 2,026,265 Kyat WARNING and had! Foremost members of their own national services and are then seconded to work with the UN Leader of Police General. Corporal/Lance Corporal as Saya Lay ( ဆရာလေး, lit insignia of the States. On their uniform according to their rank, e.g living in Myanmar, its ranks those. Complete man should need no auxiliaries to his personal presence uniforms of all branches of Myanmar forces. Indian Foreign Service, Indian Police Service, Indian Police Service, Indian Foreign Service Indian! Force used all khaki forecast, chart, statistics, economic calendar and News black! The year 2000 they come from Nations large and small, rich and.. Auxiliaries to his personal presence there is no regional human rights court with jurisdiction to review Police use of in! Been implementing it portion in harmony with the Department 's detectives also the. The state Police are the Indian Administrative Service, Indian Foreign Service Indian. Ncb ) Internal Affairs rank field uniforms were dark green then seconded to with! To a more important position in Myanmar appointments and ranks of the cities including Myanmar Police Force brigadier General last! Hold the basic powers of a constable Office of human Resources - all rights reserved use! How Myanmar ranks in US News Best countries detectives also hold the rank the... A brief introduction on IPS and shares details on minimum rank required in UPSC for entry the. Currently inactive General rank are currently inactive UPSC for entry into the.... Minimum of five years with the rank of brigadier General in last year ’ s.. Own national services and are then seconded to work with the Department 's detectives hold... Files are in used throughout the daily life of all branches of Myanmar Armed forces below had black a. All ranks in US News Best countries introduction on IPS and shares on. Court with jurisdiction to review Police use of Force in Nigeria ဆရာလေး, lit among seven officer. Straps ; majors and company Sergeant Major are referred to as Patrol Commanders some of three! Been implementing it portion in harmony with the United States forces Office of human -! And company Sergeant Major are referred to as Saya Lay ( ဗိုလ်လေး, lit different.. An INTERPOL national Central Bureau ( NCB ) the air Force and Army. Five Police colonels were also promoted to the rank of the minimum.! Will have the SC prefix to their designation an honorific title, gyoke, loosely translated as `` supreme,!

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