Structure of the Soviet Air Forces ADD was created by decree of the GKO (State Defence Committee) on 5 March 1942. In: Russian Aviation and Air Power in the Twentieth Century. Aircraft, strategy, and operations of the Soviet Air Force. Shortly before the start of war with Germany a Soviet Volunteer Group was sent to China to train the pilots from the Republic of China Air Force for the continuing war with the Japanese. Around the same time, 60 French Air Force P-63s served as … Air army (Soviet Union) From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia An air army was a type of formation of the Soviet Air Forces from 1936 until the dissolution of the USSR in 1991. Furthermore, the narratives emphasize the aviators' selflessness and devotion to a higher socialist ideal, pointing to Soviet leaders as inspirers and role models. While there were scores of Red Army divisions on the ground formed from specific Soviet republics, there appears to have been very few aviation regiments formed from nationalities, among them being the 1st Latvian Night Aviation Regiment. [citation needed] The LFI (Lyogkiy Frontovoy Istrebitel, Light Frontline Fighter) project was intended to develop a lightweight fighter with respectable air-to-ground capabilities. The Soviet Air doctrine focused strongly on fighters in order to achieve air superiority, thus a considerable effort was spent to develop the fighter arm into an elite force. However, the Soviets refused to supply the plane in adequate numbers, and their aerial victories were soon squandered because of their limited use. It’s difficult to give some general evaluation - along with the Red Army as a whole the Red Airforce was in the middle of reorganisation and rearmament when the war started and … Best Documentary 2016 HDBest Documentary 2017 ۩ [[DOCUMENTARY]] SOVIET AIR FORCE - World War 2 (WW2) Furthermore, Soviet media idolized record-breaking pilots, exalting them not only as role models for Soviet society, but also as symbols of progress towards the socialist-utopian future. Ww2 Aircraft Military Aircraft Pilot Russian Air Force Ww2 Planes Aircraft Pictures World War Two Wwii Soviet Union The Ilyushin Il-2 Shturmovik was one of the most formidable ground attack … Thus, within a mere 18 months the Soviet Air Force was able to recover and deal a severe blow against its enemy. In any way Stalin played a major role in most of these factors. PLEASE NOTE: Posts and pages contain amazon affiliate links. Soviet Aircraft and Aviation, 1917–1941. One aspect was the mostly successful evacuation of the air craft industry and the lack of German attacks on this industry. Although a knowledgeable user indicated that German losses were usually total losses, whereas Russian losses seemed to include damaged vehicles. more information Accept. Additionally, the Soviet Air Force was starting to receive more and more planes, due to the lend-lease program which supplied around 18000 (18303; p. 280) planes during the whole war. [citation needed], 1930s Soviet aviation also had a particular impact on the USSR's military failures in the beginning of World War II. Fighter Aces: Yekaterina Budanova, Soviet Air Force Pilot Yekaterina Budanova, also referred to as Katya, was one of the world’s two female fighter aces. Palmer, Scott (2005). The reasons for the disaster are many, some of them were the result of ongoing processes, some were structural shortcomings and others were definitive failures in leadership. Supreme Command did retain control over several tactical air corps, including the Long Range Bomber Arm. In 1937 the Air Force had 13000 officers, of those 4700 (4724) were arrested. However, these experiences proved of little use in the Winter War against Finland in 1939, where scores of inexperienced Soviet bomber and fighter pilots were shot down by a relatively small number of Finnish Air Force (FAF) pilots. (186 new fighters and ground attack “machines” (p. 277)) ), "Советские Войска ПВО в последние годы Союза ССР. Amazon.de (affiliate link): Greenwood, John T.: Soviet Frontal Aviation during the Great Patriotic War, 1941-45. The media called the pilots "Bolshevik knights of culture and progress. (Greenwood: p. 67). In response to the American Boeing X-32/Joint Strike Fighter (F-35) projects, Russia began the LFI program, which would develop a fighter reminiscent of the X-32/F-35 with a single engine, without the capabilities of a true multirole aircraft. Tsybin, Saint Petersburg 2013, 164 pages, "Все истребительные авиаполки Сталина" by V. Anokhin and M Bykhov, Moscow 2014, 944 pages, This page was last edited on 19 December 2020, at 06:11. The defeats in Spain coincided with the arrival of Stalin's Great Purge of the ranks of the officer corps and senior military leadership, which severely affected the combat capabilities of the rapidly expanding Soviet Air Forces. Ok, since you didn’t specified what exactly do you want “interesting”, I will provide you with some assorted facts and myth debunking that I myself find interesting. ), Fetzer, Leland, (trans. Air armies continued to be used … Часть 1" by A.G. Lenskiy and M.M. It was officially dissolved on 6 December 1944 when it was incorporated into the VVS as … How good? Although some of the arrested officers were later released it were only around 15 % (about 900 (892) or 16 percent of those in 1940). Independent air defense component of the Soviet Armed Forces under Headquarters, Voyska PVO (Soviet Air Defence Forces). The divisions were the 3rd Guards Military Transport Aviation Division (VTAD) at Vitebsk (four regiments), the 6th Military Transport Aviation Division at Krivoy Rog (two regiments), the 8th Division at Omsk Chkalovsk near Omsk (three OSNAZ regiments), the 12th Military Transport Aviation Division at Migalovo, which traced its heritage to the 12th Bomber Aviation Division of the World War II period, and had three regiments, and the 18th Military Transport Aviation Division at Shaulyai, tracing its history to the wartime 6th Guards Bomber Aviation Division, and had three regiments.[50]. (Greenwood: p. 67/ p.88) Yet, only 50 % of these losses were combat losses. In Mid July 1941 the Soviets admitted to the destruction of almost 4000 (3985) aircraft, whereas the German air force claimed around 6900 (6857) planes destroyed. [26] Poor planning and lack of organization left planes sitting on the tarmac at airbases, allowing the Luftwaffe to destroy 4,000 Soviet planes within the first week. With 17 900 combat aircraft and the loss of 3300 support aircraft. Marina Raskova, one of very few women in the VVS prior to the war, used her influence with Stalin to form three all-female air regiments: the 586th Fighter Aviation Regiment, the 587th Bomber Aviation Regiment, and the 588th Night Bomber Aviation Regiment (a.k.a. This basically crippled the Soviet air force stationed near the front lines. The force became one of the best services of the Soviet Armed Forces due to the various types of aircraft being flown and their capabilities and the strength and training of its pilots, and its air defense arm became an independent component of the armed forces in 1949, reaching full-fledged force status in 1954. A Krasnaya Zvezda military schools list of 17 January 1980 included 24 Air Forces schools. Additionally, the use of on-board radios grew, which allowed better coordination with ground stations for warning and command-and-control. Gradually its influence on aircraft design became greater. Aerial warfare branch of the Soviet Union's armed forces. In mid-November the situation was quite different with 670 Luftwaffe planes versus 1140 (1138) Russian planes. Thus, by day three of operation Barbarossa the Luftwaffe was free to focus mainly on supporting the ground troops, who captured the Russian airfields.(p. After neglecting the MFI competition, Sukhoi decided to submit a design for the LFI called the S-37 (unrelated to the heavyweight forward-swept wing fighter). Stunts and phenomenal record-breaking missions drained resources needed for Soviet defense ] Lend-Lease aircraft from arrests! Defense component of the old Army ( translation is uncertain ) was formed 20! The Soviet Air Force at this time was the Polikarpov I-16 Rata world 's largest Air Force successful! 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